Common questions


Vascular conditions affect the veins and arteries in your body, which conduct oxygen to every living cell. Think of your veins and arteries as expressways or rivers. When there are traffic jams or road construction,  or when dams break, trouble ensues. But in most cases, vascular conditions are highly treatable, often without surgery.

Patient Resources by Alphabet

Aortic aneurysm, AAA
Segmental Pressure Test, Toe Pressure Test, Toe-Brachial Index (TBI)
Dissection, Ascending Aortic Dissection, Descending Aortic Dissection
aortoiliac disease, aortic occlusion, iliac occlusion
arm arterial disease, arm claudication, steal syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, upper extremity arterial disease
Arteriosclerosis, hardening of the arteries, Cardiovascular Disease, Coronary Artery or Heart Disease, Peripheral Arterial Disease or PAD, Carotid Artery Disease, Cerebrovascular Disease, Renal Artery Disease, Mesenteric Artery Disease, Vascular Disease
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carotid Doppler, carotid ultrasound, Doppler ultrasound
Phlebitis, Post-Thrombotic Syndrome, Venous Insufficiency, Venous Leg Ulcer
Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (VEDS, EDS-IV), Marfan Syndrome (MFS), Loeys-Dietz Syndrome (LDS), Familial Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection Syndrome (FTAAD)
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DVT, Deep Venous Thrombosis, Thrombophlebitis, Deep Vein Blood Clots
Arteriovenous Fistula, Arteriovenous Graft, Shunt
Doppler Test, Vascular Lab Test, Duplex Exam, Duplex Scan, Ultrasound, Ultrasound Exam
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Takayasu's arteritis, temporal arteritis
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Hypercholesterolemia, familial hypercholesterolemia, elevated cholesterol, elevated cholesterol levels
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Mesenteric Ischemia
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Open surgery fenestration (visceral segment fenestration, trap door fenestration), Open aortic reconstruction (thoracic aneurysm repair, thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair)
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Popliteal Aneurysm, Femoral Aneurysm, Splenic Aneurysm
PAD, peripheral vascular occlusive disease (PVOD), peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD), “hardening” of the arteries, peripheral atherosclerosis
Liver Cirrhosis, Liver Failure
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Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), Mini-Stroke, Cerebrovascular Accident, Brain Attack
aortoiliac bypass; and, depending on the blood vessels involved, aortofemoral bypass, aortobifemoral bypass, axillofemoral bypass, axillobifemoral bypass
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Thoracic Aneurysm, Descending Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic Aortic Dissection
TEVAR, Aortic Stent-Graft Placement
Thoracic Outlet Decompression, TOS, TOD, nTOS, vTOS, aTOS, Paget-Schroetter Syndrome, Subclavian Artery Aneurysm, Brachial Plexus Nerve Compression, Scalene Anticus Syndrome, Cervical Rib, Subclavian Vein Thrombosis
Thrombolysis or Fibrinolytic Therapy
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Graft Infection, Artery or Vein Infection, Sepsis
Bleeding, Hemorrhage, Vascular Injury
arteritis, phlebitis
Renal Artery Aneurysm, Mesenteric Artery Aneurysm, Celiac Artery Aneurysm, Splenic Artery Aneurysm, Hepatic Artery Aneurysm
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It is important to see a vascular surgeon, even when surgery is not needed. Vascular surgeons specialize in treatments of every kind of vascular problem except those of the heart (treated by cardiovascular surgeons) and the brain (treated by neurosurgeons). A common condition such as atherosclerosis may show up in the legs, for example, but affects the whole body.

Vascular surgeons will talk to you about how exercise, diet and medication can be the first step in regaining your health. When surgery is needed, vascular surgeons are trained in all types of interventions, not just one or two.

The information contained on is not intended, and should not be relied upon, as a substitute for medical advice or treatment. It is very important that individuals with specific medical problems or questions consult with their doctor or other healthcare professional.