Safety-net burden associated with higher failure to rescue after open AAA

HOSPITALS WITH MORE UNINSURED PATIENTS HAVE HIGHER FAILURE TO RESCUE RATES FOR OPEN AORTIC SURGERY

“Effects of Hospital Safety-Net Burden and Hospital Volume on Failure to Rescue After Open Abdominal Aortic Surgery,” Journal of Vascular Surgery, August, 2017.

CHICAGO, Illinois, August, 2017 – As Congress debates funding Medicaid and the uninsured, a new vascular study finds that hospitals with a high ratio of those two patient groups are less able to save patients who develop serious surgical complications.

As reported in the August, 2017 edition of the Journal of Vascular Surgery, hospitals with a higher ratio of uninsured/Medicaid patients have a puzzling, higher “failure to rescue” (FTR) rate for open aortic surgery even after controlling for other factors.

Failure to rescue is defined as the inability to prevent death after a complication develops. Previous studies have examined the association between FTR and “safety-net burden,” (a term for a hospital’s volume of uninsured and Medicaid patients) but none have looked at aortic surgery, or included patient comorbidities in the risk adjustment.

The complex relationship between hospitals with a high percentage of Medicaid patients and the uninsured and FTR following aortic surgery was specifically analyzed by a collaborative team of researchers from the Department of Anesthesiology and Division of Vascular Surgery at UT Southwestern in Dallas, led by Dr. Eric Rosero.

After adjusting for patient demographics and co-morbidities, they found that the safety-net burden correlates with an increase in the FTR rate observed after major complications. Importantly, neither hospital volume, resources or technology could explain this effect.

“The observation that increasing safety-net burden was associated with an increasing rate of FTR after open aortic surgery has significant healthcare policy implications,” noted Dr. Rosero. “Although failure to rescue is an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicator, safety-net burden is not currently considered in the risk adjustment for this indicator. As such, calculations of FTR rates may be biased against hospitals that treat a disproportionate number of uninsured or Medicaid patients.”

Utilizing the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, the team studied 47,233 cases performed at 1,777 hospitals in the United States. The multivariable results found that overall, safety-net burden was significantly and independently associated with the increased likelihood of failure to rescue.

For open aortic surgery, the study found that hospital volume was not significantly associated with FTR, but that hospital size did matter. The smallest hospitals had a 37 percent higher likelihood of FTR.

An increase in hospital volume correlates with a decrease in failure to rescue rates; but an increase in the safety-net burden increases failure to rescue.

Open aortic surgery in an elderly population is a prime example of the challenges vascular surgeons face in minimizing variability in healthcare delivery. Recent studies suggest that failure to rescue is a major contributor to variability observed after complex surgical procedures.

The evidence strongly suggests that there are characteristics of the uninsured or Medicaid populations, or of the hospitals that treat these patients, which predispose to FTR.

The relationship with safety-net burden is poorly understood but likely relates to the clinical challenges of the uninsured patient whose comorbid conditions are often undiagnosed, inadequately treated, or clinically advanced because of issues with access to care and compliance.

To download the complete article (link is available through 9/30/2017), click: vsweb.org/JVS-FTR

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The Society for Vascular Surgery® (SVS) is a not-for-profit professional medical society with more than 5,800 members, primarily specialty-trained vascular surgeons. The society seeks to advance excellence and innovation in vascular health through education, advocacy, research and public awareness.

The Journal of Vascular Surgery (JVS) is dedicated to the science and art of vascular surgery and aims to be the premier international journal of medical, endovascular and surgical care of vascular diseases. The goal of the journal is to improve the management of patients with vascular diseases by publishing relevant papers that report important medical, surgical and endovascular advances, test new hypotheses and address current controversies